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Full Text of this Amendment

SA 213. Mr. MCCAIN submitted an amendment intended to be proposed by him to the bill S. 493, to reauthorize and improve the SBIR and STTR programs, and for other purposes; which was ordered to lie on the table; as follows:

At the end, add the following:
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Peaceful demonstrations, inspired by similar peaceful demonstrations in Tunisia, Egypt, and elsewhere in the Middle East, began in Libya with calls for greater political reform, opportunity, justice, and the rule of law and quickly spread to cities around the country.
(2) Muammar Qaddafi, his sons, and forces loyal to them have responded to the peaceful demonstrations by authorizing and initiating violence against civilian non-combatants in Libya, including the use of airpower, foreign mercenaries, helicopters, mortar and artillery fire, naval assets, snipers, and soldiers.
(3) In response to Qaddafi's assault on the people of Libya, the imposition of a "no-fly zone" in Libya was called for by the Gulf Cooperation Council on March 7, 2011; by the head of the Organization of the Islamic Conference on March 8, 2011; and by the Arab League on March 12, 2011.
(4) The Governments of France and the United Kingdom have drafted a United Nations Security Council Resolution to mandate the imposition of a "no-fly zone" in Libya.
(5) The Libyan Transitional National Council was formed in Benghazi, with representation of Libyan leaders from across the country.
(6) On March 10, 2011, the Government of France recognized the Libyan Transitional National Council, based in Benghazi, as the sole legitimate government of Libya and has announced its intention to send an ambassador there.
(7) Despite initial gains, the opposition has been losing ground against Qaddafi's forces, which are currently advancing against the opposition stronghold of Benghazi.
(8) On March 3, 2011, President Barack Obama said, "Let me just be very unambiguous about this. Colonel Qaddafi needs to step down from power and leave".
(9) On March 10, 2011, the Director of National Intelligence testified before Congress that, because of Qaddafi's superior military resources, including airpower, and in the absence of outside assistance to the opposition, "I think [over] the long term that the [Qaddafi] regime will prevail."
(b) Sense of the Senate.--The Senate--
(1) applauds the bravery of the Libyan people, who are fighting to secure their universal rights against the violent dictatorship of Muammar Qaddafi;
(2) condemns Muammar Qaddafi, and the forces loyal to him, for using overwhelming and indiscriminate violence, including the use of airpower and foreign mercenaries, against peaceful demonstrators and civilians, which has resulted in gross human rights abuses, grave loss of innocent life, and potentially crimes against humanity;
(3) strongly welcomes the calls for imposing a "no-fly zone" in Libya made by the Arab League, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Organization of the Islamic Conference;
(4) reiterates that it is the policy of the United States, as stated by President Obama, that Colonel Qaddafi must step down and leave power; and
(5) calls on the President--
(A) to recognize the Libyan Transitional National Council, based in Benghazi but representative of Libyan communities across the country, as the sole legitimate governing authority in Libya;
(B) to take immediate steps to implement a "no-fly zone" in Libya with international support; and
(C) to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to achieve the stated United States policy objective of Qaddafi leaving power.

(As printed in the Congressional Record for the Senate on Mar 15, 2011.)